Exploring initiative and referendum law selected state research guides by Beth Williams

Cover of: Exploring initiative and referendum law | Beth Williams

Published by Haworth Press in New York, N.Y .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Referendum -- United States -- States -- Legal research

Edition Notes

Book details

Other titlesLegal reference services quarterly.
StatementBeth Williams, editor.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsKF241.E54 W55 2007
The Physical Object
Paginationp. cm.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL23673938M
ISBN 109780789037923
LC Control Number2007033146

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Researching ballot measures can be one of the most daunting types of legal research. Exploring Initiative and Referendum Law: Selected State Research Guides offers legal researchers an easy-to-use guide that provides thorough overviews of I&R (initiative and referendum) laws within twenty-three states.

This unique resource provides state-specific guidance about both forms of I&R law, those. Book Description. Researching ballot measures can be one of the most daunting types of legal research.

Exploring Initiative and Referendum Law: Selected State Research Guides offers legal researchers an easy-to-use guide that provides thorough overviews of I&R (initiative and referendum) laws within twenty-three states.

This unique resource provides state-specific guidance about both forms of. Researching Initiatives and Referendums: A Guide for Florida Elizabeth Outler7. Initiative and Referendum Process in Idaho: A Research Guide Kristin M. Ford8. Illinois Initiatives and Referenda Shannon L.

Malcolm9. Researching Initiatives and Referenda: A Guide for Maine Christine I. Hepler Researching ballot measures can be one of the most daunting types of legal research.

Exploring Initiative and Referendum Law: Selected State Research Guides offers legal researchers an easy-to-use guide that provides thorough overviews of I & R (initiative and referendum. Product Information. Researching ballot measures can be one of the most daunting types of legal research.

Exploring Initiative and Referendum Law: Selected State Research Guides offers legal researchers an easy-to-use guide that provides thorough overviews of I&R (initiative and referendum) laws within twenty-three states.

Exploring Initiative and Referendum Law by Beth Williams, ed. Call Number: KF E54 W55 Published as a special issue of Legal Reference Services Quarterly, this text offers legal researchers an easy-to-use guide that provides thorough overviews of initiative and referendum laws within twenty-three states.

Beth Williams became Stanford Law School’s Library Director in She was Director of the Law Library and Information Services at Louisiana State University Law Center from to Before that, she worked at Columbia Law School for six years, where she served as Head of Public Services and taught legal research.

As a result of a referendum inNebraska has the United States' Exploring initiative and referendum law book unicameral legislature, known as the Nebraska Unicameral. All representatives are officially nonpartisan. Despite, Republicans have controlled the state legislature for several decades.

The Initiative and Referendum Institute at the University of Southern California is a non-partisan educational organization dedicated to the study of the initiative and referendum, the two most important processes of direct democracy. In political science, an initiative (also known as a popular or citizens' initiative) is a means by which a petition signed by a certain minimum number of registered voters can force a government to choose to either enact a law or hold a public vote in parliament in what is called indirect initiative, or under direct initiative, the proposition is immediately put to a plebiscite or referendum.

The referendum first became established with voter ratification of the Massachusetts Constitution in Other types were adopted in the nineteenth century, largely through the efforts of Progressives and Populists seeking to authorize voters to utilize the initiative-referendum and protest referendum.

Exploring Initiative and Referendum Law Call Number: KF E54 W55 Originally published as a special issue of Legal Reference Services Quarterly, this volume contains an overview of general strategies and resources for researching initiative and referendum law along with guides to the initiative and referendum process for selected states.

Initiative, referendum, and recall are three means by which the people may bring their will to bear directly on the legislative process and the machinery of government. Most constitutional democracies, such as Australia, Canada, Italy, and the United States.

The Law of Direct Democracy Henry S. Noyes, The Law Of Direct Democracy is the first casebook on direct democracy. This book uses Exploring initiative and referendum law book and federal judicial opinions, the text of ballot initiatives, statutes and constitutional provisions to compare and contrast the various state laws that govern the ballot initiative, the referendum and the recall.

To facilitate consideration of initiative and referendum, this note reviews, in a condensed manner, initiative and referendum law and theory. In Part II, the terms initiative and referendum are defined and the more common procedures described.

Part III presents the arguments for and against "direct legislation" concepts. Constitution legalized the institution of referendum and people’s initiative at the Federal level, Canton and commune, tillin cases of referendum, 63% were initiated by the Parliament and 13% by the electorate” (Mamichev, ).

General characteristics of the referendum of Switzerland are reduced to. One of the methods they came up with was the initiative and referendum. Between andsome statewide referendums initiated by citizens were held in the USA.

[citation needed] of these initiatives have been approved. Perhaps even greater is the number of such referendums that have been called by state legislatures or mandatory.

Start studying Political Science State Politics: Chapter 5. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The first referendum here is believed to have taken place in Massachusetts inand southern states used a referendum vote to propose secession in the run up to the Civil War.

Initiative and Referendum in the U.S. Legal History Summary. A procedure that allows citizens to propose legislation through petitions, it was passed by numerous states at the turn of the century but rarely used until the s.

Resources Notes and References. This definition of Referendum is based on the The Cyclopedic Law Dictionary ; Notes. • International law Sec 2 The Philippines renounces war as an instrument of national policy, adopts the generally accepted principles of international law as part of the law of the land and adheres to the policy of peace, equally, justice, freedom, cooperation, and amity with all nations.

Sec 3. “This initiative complies with international law, takes full account of the specificity of the Moroccan Sahara region, and grants the populations of this region very board prerogatives in all.

In an amendment to the constitution by "initiative and referendum", the "initiative" phase is meant that the people propose the amendments. There is a valid proposal when a proposition has received the approval of: a.

at least 3% of the persons of majority age of each district, and 12%. Citizens’ Guide to Initiative & Referendum 2 Contents Introduction. 2 Defining Initiative. 3 StepbyStep Guide to the Initiative Process.

3 Timing Your Initiative, Sample Timeline. 11 Tips and Strategies for Success. 12 Winning when Initiatives Reach the Ballot (the “Referendum”). Referendum and initiative, electoral devices by which voters may express their wishes with regard to government policy or proposed legislation.

Although their most widespread use is in the United States and Switzerland, they are also provided for in the constitutions. The process for repealing a law varies by nation. In some areas, citizens can use the initiative and referendum system to hold a vote calling for a repeal. In others, citizens must urge lawmakers to sponsor a repeal, and once the repeal reaches a legislative body, they can push other lawmakers to support it.

Initiative: An initiative is the power which is provided to the people of the states in order to draft a proposed law. Initiative is of two types: Direct initiative and indirect initiative.

In other words initiative is the start of something with a view that it will be continued. It. “The people only advance through struggle in the streets.” A recent two-part article on anarchist news site It’s Going Down analyzed the emergence of the “front line” in United States protest movements.

We have seen this phenomenon emerge worldwide, from Hong Kong to Chile, in which demonstrators use an array of tactics to defend their fellow protesters from police violence.

In the U.S., the terms initiative and referendum refer to processes that allow citizens of states to vote on particular pieces of legislation. The initiative process allows citizens to propose a new statute or constitutional amendment.; The referendum process allows citizens to refer a law that passed the legislature to the ballot for voters to decide whether to uphold or repeal the law.

Brief review of initiative and referendum powers of charter counties as established in their charters Initiative and Referendum Guide 1 Initiative and Referendum Powers representative government by taking law-making out of the hands of the legislators elected to do the job.

Complex issues are. The following excerpts of North Dakota law are from the North Dakota Century Code (NDCC) and pertain to elections and election procedures. Although every attempt has been made for accuracy, the reprint of these laws does not carry the same authority as the actual NDCC and should not be equated with the official NDCC.

This compilation is only. "[An] extremely well-researched book[The Initiative and Referendum in California, ] is a very complete analysis of a subject that will be valuable to political scientists.

It can become a guidebook for using such initiatives, based on the experiences of the state acknowledged to be the master of the process." -- Journal of the West. The chart below lists the 26 states with the power of initiative or referendum, shows what powers—initiated statute, initiated amendment, veto referendum, or some combination—the people in that state enjoy.

It also shows the signature requirement for each. Initiative and Referendum in New York Also includes the NYS Board of Election Rules, and the NYS Election Law. This New York Election Law treatise includes election forms and reports, tables of cases, statutes and other authorities.

The New York State Board of Election Rules and Regulations and the updated consolidated NY Election Law as well. GENERAL BACKGROUND. In the League of Women Voters of Hawaii did a study on how initiative and referendum (I & R) work at the state level. We reached a consensus in favor of direct initiative for proposing statutes and for petition did not reach a consensus on using initiatives to propose changes to the state constitution nor on the subject of whether the legislature should.

For suggestions and corrections I am under obligation to my colleagues, Professor J. Gilbert and Professor R. Clark, who have read the manuscript and proof. The scope of the book is not as wide as the title would strictly indicate, for the operation of the initiative and referendum in the localities is not included.

JAMES D. BARNETT. Rebecca Latham Brown is a nationally recognized constitutional law theorist who joined USC Gould School of Law in August Brown’s scholarship focuses on judicial review and its relationship to individual liberty under the U.S.

Constitution. A referendum is the requirement that the voters of a state or community ap-prove of specified legislative enactments before they become law. MANDELKER & D. NETSCH, STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN A FED-ERAL SYSTEM (). See also note 8 infra.

Note, Constitutional Constraints on Initiative and Referendum, 32 VAND. 29A State Initiative and Referendum 81 29A Redistricting 88 29AB Congressional Districts and Apportionment 89 29A Political Parties 90 29A Crimes and Penalties 92 29A Nuclear Waste Site—Election for Disapproval 98 29A Voting Rights Act 99 3.

Brief Summary of the Initiative and Referendum Process Cynthia Allen (; updated ) Referendums and initiatives are an important part of the political process that almost every eligible voter in a state can participate in and impact.

2. I.e., by the legislature (provided for in all states) or by initiative (provided for in 18 states). Delaware is the lone exception. See Council of State Governments, The Book of the States () (hereinafter Book of the States), tables and at pp. The third method used by states, the constitutional convention, which is.

The initiative and referendum are intended to be available to the people when their elected representatives (i.e., the governor and Legislature) are unwilling or unable to adopt legislation.

The initiative is a method of lawmaking that requires a vote of the people instead of a vote of the Legislature in order for a measure to become law.This book provides a detailed analytic history of direct legislation—the initiative and referendum—in California from its origins in the late nineteenth century to the present day.

California was one of the first states to implement mechanisms for direct legislation, and these mechanisms have been used with growing frequency as the entire process has become professionalized (from signature.

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